Papyrus 10

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Papyrus <math>\mathfrak{P}</math>10
New Testament manuscript
Romans 1:1-7
Romans 1:1-7
NameP. Oxy. 209
TextRomans 1 †
Date4th century
FoundOxyrynchus, Egypt
Now atHoughton Library
CiteGrenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrhynchus Papyri II (1899), pp. 8-9
Size25.1 x 19.9
TypeAlexandrian text-type
Grenfell and Hunt
Bernard Grenfell Arthur Hunt

Papyrus 10 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), signed by <math>\mathfrak{P}</math>10 and named Oxyrhynchus papyri 209, is an early copy of part of the New Testament content in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Epistle to the Romans, dating paleographically to the early 4th century.[1]


The manuscript is a fragment of one leaf, written in one column per page. The surviving text is of Romans, verses 1:1-7. The manuscript was written very carelessly. The handwriting is crude and irregular, and the copy contains some irregular spellings. A part of verse 6 is omitted (εν οις εστε και υμεις κλητοι who are called to belong to).[2]

The nomina sacra are written in an abbreviated way.

The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type. Aland placed it in Category I.[1] The manuscript is too brief for certainty. The only variant of any importance is Χριστου Ιησου in Rom 1:7, where the manuscripts all have the reverse order.[3]


The papyrus was found tied up with a contract dated in 316 A.D., and other documents of the same period.[2]

It was discovered in Oxyrhynchus, Egypt, and is currently housed at the Houghton Library of the Harvard University (Semitic Museum Inv. 2218), Cambridge (Massachusetts).[1][4]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 96. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  2. 2.0 2.1 B. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrhynchus Papyri II (1899), p. 8.
  3. B. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrhynchus Papyri II (1899), p. 9.
  4. "Handschriftenliste". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 August 2011.

Further reading