Papyrus 12

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Papyrus <math>\mathfrak{P}</math>12
New Testament manuscript
Papyrus 12 - Papyrus Amherst 3b - Morgan Library, Pap. Gr. 3 - Epistle to the Hebrews 1,1.jpg
NameP. Amherst 3b
TextEpistle to the Hebrews 1
Date3rd century
FoundEgypt 1897
Now atThe Morgan Library & Museum
CiteB. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, The Amherst Papyri I, (London 1900), pp. 28-31 (P. Amherst 3 b)
Size20,8 cm x 23 cm
TypeAlexandrian text-type ?

Papyrus 12 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α 1033 (in the Soden numbering), designated by siglum <math>\mathfrak{P}</math>12, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Epistle to the Hebrews, it contains only Hebrews 1:1. The manuscript palaeographically has been assigned to ca. 285. It may have been a writing exercise or an amulet.[1]


Full page.

On the top of the second column another writer has penned Hebrews 1:1 in three lines.[2] It has been written in a small uncial hand.[3] On the verso of this manuscript another writer has penned Genesis 1:1-5 according to Septuaginta.[2]

πολυμερως κ πολυ[τρο]πως
παλε ο θς λαλήσ[α]ς το[ις π]ατρα
σ[ι] ημ[ω]ν εν τοις προ[φηταις][3]

It has error of itacism (παλε instead of παλαι), the nomina sacra contracted (θς).

The Greek text of this codex probably is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type, but its text is too brief for certainty. Aland placed it in Category I.[4]

It supports textual variant with ημων as in codices <math>\mathfrak{P}</math>46c a t v vgmss syrp.[5]


The manuscript was discovered in 1897 by Grenfell and Hunt.[2]

It is currently housed at The Morgan Library & Museum (Pap. Gr. 3; P. Amherst 3b) in New York City.[4][6][7]

See also


  1. Comfort, Philip W.; David P. Barrett (2001). The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers. p. 61. ISBN 978-0-8423-5265-9.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Philip W. Comfort, The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers Incorporated, 2001, p. 82.
  3. 3.0 3.1 B. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, The Amherst Papyri I, (London 1900), p. 30.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  5. NA26, p. 563.
  6. "Handschriftenliste". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
  7. INTF. "Papirus 12 (GA)". Liste Handschriften. Münster Institute. Retrieved 2012-02-29.

Further reading