Papyrus 16

From Biblical History & Civilization
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Papyrus <math>\mathfrak{P}</math>16
New Testament manuscript
Papyrus 16 - Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 1009 - Cairo Egyptian Museum JE 47424 - Epistle to the Philippians 3,10–17, 4,2–8.jpg
NameP. Oxy. 1009
TextPhilippians 3-4 †
Date3rd/4th century
Now atEgyptian Museum
CiteB. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrhynchus Papyri VII, (London 1910), pp. 8-11
TypeAlexandrian text-type

Papyrus 16 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), designated by <math>\mathfrak{P}</math>16, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. Originally, it may have been part of a papyrus manuscript of the Pauline Corpus of letters, but now only contains Philippians 3:10-17; 4:2-8.[1] The manuscript has been paleographically assigned to the late 3rd century.[1]


Grenfell and Hunt
Bernard Grenfell Arthur Hunt

The manuscript is written in a documentary hand.[1] There are about 37-38 lines per page.[1] Grenfeld and Hunt conjectured that <math>\mathfrak{P}</math>15 and <math>\mathfrak{P}</math>16 might have been part of the same manuscript. Both manuscripts have the same formation of letters, line space, and punctuation.[1]

The nomina sacra are written in an abbreviated way. The text was not corrected.[2]

The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type (rather proto-Alexandrian). Aland placed it in Category I.[3] This manuscript diverges from the text of UBS4 8 times, from Codex Vaticanus 9 times, and from Codex Sinaiticus 10 times. P16 diverges from readings of the majority of all New Testament manuscripts 11 times.

It is currently housed at the Egyptian Museum (JE 47424) in Cairo.[3][4]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Comfort, Philip W.; David P. Barrett (2001). The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers. p. 93. ISBN 978-0-8423-5265-9.
  2. Klaus Wachtel, Klaus Witte, Das Neue Testament auf Papyrus: Gal., Eph., Phil., Kol., 1. u. 2. Thess., 1. u. 2 Tim., Tit., Phlm., Hebr, Walter de Gruyter, 1994, p. XLI.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  4. "Handschriftenliste". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 August 2011.

Further reading

External links