Papyrus 18

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Papyrus <math>\mathfrak{P}</math>18
New Testament manuscript
Revelation 1:4–7
Revelation 1:4–7
NameOxyrhynchus Papyri 1079
TextBook of Revelation 1
Date3rd/4th century
Now atBritish Library
CiteB. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrhynchus Papyri VIII, (London 1911), pp. 13 14
TypeAlexandrian text-type
Grenfell and Hunt
Bernard Grenfell Arthur Hunt

Papyrus 18 (in the Gregory–Aland numbering), designated by <math>\mathfrak{P}</math>18, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript containing the beginning of the Book of Revelation. It contains only Revelation 1:47. It is written against the fibres of the papyrus. On the other side of the papyrus is the ending of the book of Exodus. It is unclear whether the papyrus was a scroll of Exodus later reused for a copy of Revelation or a leaf from a codex with miscellaneous contents.[1] The two sides of the papyrus were copied in different hands, but the original editor of the papyrus did not think there was a great interval of time between the copying of the two sides. He assigned the Exodus to the third century and the Revelation to the third or early fourth century.[2]


The Greek text of this manuscript is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type. Aland placed it in Category I.[3]

λυσαντι ημας εκ — P18, אc, A, C, 2020, 2081, 2814
λουσαντι ημας απο — P, 046, 94, 1006, 1859, 2042, 2065, 2073, 2138, 2432

It is currently housed at the British Library (Inv. 2053v) in London.[3][4]


<poem> [Ιωαννης τα]ι[ς επτα] εκ[κλης]ιαις [ταις εν τη] Ασια χαρις υμειν και ειρη [νη απο ο ων] και ο ην και ο ερχομε [νος και απο τ[ων επτα πνευμα [των α] εν[ω]πιον του θρονου αυ [τ]ου και απο ΙΗ ΧΡ ο μαρτυς ο πι στος ο πρωτοτοκος των νεκρω και ο αρχων των βασιλεων της γης τω αγαμωντι ημας και λυσαντι η [μ]ας εκ των αμαρτων ημων εν [τ]ω αιματι αυτου και επιησεν ημ[ι] [βα]σ[ιλ]ειαν ιερεις του θυa και π[α]τρι [αυτο]υ. αυτω το κρατος και η δοξα [εις το]υς αιωνας αμην ιδου [ερχε]ται μετα των νεφελων [και οψε]ται αυτον πας οφθαλ [μος και ο]ιτινες αυτον εξε </poem>

a The scribe corrected this to τω θω

See also


  1. Brent Nongbri. "Losing a Curious Christian Scroll but Gaining a Curious Christian Codex: An Oxyrhynchus Papyrus of Exodus and Revelation," Novum Testamentum 55 (2013), pp. 77–88.
  2. Arthur S. Hunt. The Oxyrhynchus Papyri Part VIII. London: Egypt Exploration Fund, 1911, pp. 5 and 13.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  4. "Handschriftenliste". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 August 2011.

Further reading

  • B. P., Grenfell; Hunt, A. S. (1911). Oxyrhynchus Papyri VIII. London: Egypt Exploration Fund. pp. 13–14.
  • Brent Nongbri. "Losing a Curious Christian Scroll but Gaining a Curious Christian Codex: An Oxyrhynchus Papyrus of Exodus and Revelation," Novum Testamentum 55 (2013), pp. 77–88.
  • Philip W. Comfort and David P. Barrett, The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers Incorporated, 2001, pp. 103–105.

External links