Papyrus 20

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Papyrus <math>\mathfrak{P}</math>20
New Testament manuscript
Epistle of James 3:3–3:9 on verso side
Epistle of James 3:3–3:9 on verso side
NameP. Oxy. 1171
TextEpistle of James 2-3 †
Date3rd century
Now atPrinceton University Library
CiteB. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrhynchus Papyri IX, (London 1912), pp. 9-11
Size11.5 by 4.5 cm
TypeAlexandrian text-type
Grenfell and Hunt
Bernard Grenfell Arthur Hunt
Epistle of James 2:19–3:2 on recto side

Papyrus 20 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), designated by <math>\mathfrak{P}</math>20, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Epistle of James, but it only contains Chapter 2:19-3:9. The manuscript has been paleographically assigned to the early 3rd century.[1]


The original size of the leaves was 17 by 12 cm.

The text is neatly written in upright semi-cursive letters. The main Nomina Sacra are used, but πατηρ/pater/father and ανθρωπος/anthropos/man are written out in full.[2]

The Greek text of this codex is representative of the Alexandrian text-type (rather proto-Alexandrian). Aland placed it in Category I.[1] This manuscript shows the greatest agreement with Codex Sinaiticus and Vaticanus,[3] but not with codices Ephraemi, Regius and other late Alexandrian manuscripts.[2]

Philip Comfort has conjectured that the scribe who wrote <math>\mathfrak{P}</math>20 was also the same scribe who wrote <math>\mathfrak{P}</math>27, where the Greek letters α, β, δ, ε, λ, ι, μ, ν, ο, π, ρ, σ, ψ, υ, φ, ω are formed identically in both manuscripts.[3]

It is currently housed at the Princeton University Library (AM 4117) in Princeton.[1][4]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  2. 2.0 2.1 B. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrhynchus Papyri IX, (London 1912), p. 9.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Comfort, Philip W.; David P. Barrett (2001). The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-8423-5265-9.
  4. "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 August 2011.

Further reading

External links