Tammuz (Hebrew month)

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Sivan       Tammuz (תַּמּוּז)       Av
The Golden Calf
Tammuz is the month of the sin of the golden calf,
which resulted in Moses breaking the Ten Commandments.
Month number: 4
Number of days: 29
Season: Summer (Northern Hemisphere)
Gregorian equivalent: JuneJuly
Inscription at the Irish Jewish Museum, with Gregorian and Hebrew dates.

Tammuz (Hebrew: תַּמּוּז‎: Standard Tammuz, Tiberian Tammûz), or Tamuz, is the tenth month of the civil year and the fourth month of the ecclesiastical year on the Hebrew calendar, and the modern Assyrian calendar. It is a month of 29 days, which occurs on the Gregorian calendar around JuneJuly.

The name of the month was adopted from the Assyrian and Babylonian month Araḫ Dumuzu, named in honour of the Mesopotamian deity Dumuzid.

Holidays in Tammuz

17 TammuzSeventeenth of Tammuz(Fast Day)

17 Tammuz is a fast day from 1 hour before sunrise to sundown in remembrance of Jerusalem's walls being breached. 17 Tammuz is the beginning of The Three Weeks, in which Jews follow similar customs as the ones followed during the Omer from the day following Passover until the culmination of the mourning for the death of the students of Rabbi Akiva (the 33rd day of the OmerTemplate:Spaced ndashsuch as refraining from marriage and haircuts.[1] The Three Weeks culminate with Tisha B'Av (9th of Av).
Ashkenazi communities refrain from wine and meat from the beginning of the month of Av, while Sefardi communities only do so from the second day of the month. The mourning continues until noon on the 10th of Av, the date on which the Second Temple's destruction was complete.

In Jewish history

References

  1. Ullman, Yirmiyahu. "Laws of the Three Weeks". Ohr Somayach. Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  2. This is according to the Talmud, Rosh Hashanah and Tur Orach Chaim 549. However, Karaite Jews continue to observe the fast on Tammuz 9.

External links